Saturday, November 17, 2012

The Courtney Henrico Artillery: My 3rd Great Grandfather Samuel Conway, 1st cousin 4x removed John William West, 1st cousin 6x removed Andrew Jackson Sneed, and my 2nd cousin 5x removed James F. Blackburn

Flag of the Courtney Henrico Artillery, captured at the Battle of Spottsylvania

The Courtney Henrico Light Artillery was originally organized as the Virginia Light Artillery Battery in June of 1861.  The men from this Regiment predominately came from Henrico County, Virginia.  After the Unit was organized, the men participated in General Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign.  During that campaign, the men marched 646 miles in 48 days and defeated three separate Union armies, which in turn prevented them from re-enforcing General McClellan's Army of the Potomac's offensive against Richmond.  Following Jackson's Valley Campaign, the Unit was assigned to Captain Alfred R. Courtney's Battalion of Artillery.  From that point on, the Unit was referred to as the Courtney Henrico Light Artillery.


"The Battle of Spottsylvania" by Kurz & Allison
My 3rd Great Grandfather, Samuel Conway was injured in battle in 1862 and captured in battle in 1864.  Samuel's capture came during the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, which took place from May 8 - 21.  The precise date of his capture was May 12th, during the fighting at the "Bloody Angle".   On the 12th, The Courtney Henrico Artillery was attached to Major Cutshaw's Battalion, which also consisted of the Charlottesville and Staunton Artilleries.  Cutshaw's Battalion was part of General Ewell's Corps.  Cutshaw's Battalion was positioned near the "West Angle" later referred to as the "Bloody Angle".  The guns of the Courtney Henrico Artillery faced southwest.  The four Napoleons of the Charlottesville Artillery faced eastward toward the Spotsylvania Courthouse.


Map showing the action on May 12, 1864


At 4:30a.m. the men of the Cutshaw's Battalion heard great confusion on their right.  As the fog lifted, the men saw several lines of the enemy approaching rapidly.  Captain Carrington's Charlottesville Artillery immediately took action.  They were placed to the right of the Courtney Henrico Artillery.  The Charlottesville Artillery fired canister shot toward the advancing Federals.  According to Captain Carrington:

My men promptly got to the guns and instead of firing only two shots as General Long says, all four of the guns used canister...  I do not exaggerate, though I may be mistaken as to the exact number, when I say from my entire battery  [Carrington's] twenty-five or thirty rounds of canister were discharged into the advancing columns in front of me. 

Unfortunately the blasts from the Chartlottesville and Courtney Henrico Artillery's guns were too little and too late to take much effect on the onrushing Yankees of General Winfield Scott Hancock's II Corps.  All 8 guns from the Courtney Henrico Artillery were captured.  The casualties from the united included 2 killed in action, 2 wounded in action, and 23 captured or missing soldiers.   Samuel Conway was one of these 23 men.  Following his capture, he was sent to Fort Delaware Prison. 




Samuel Conway was born in Henrico, Virginia in 1824.  Prior to his enlistment in the Confederate States Army, he was a Farmer by trade.  On March 7, 1862 at the age of 37, Samuel enlisted as a Private in the Courtney Henrico Light Artillery Battery. 


1st Muster Roll for Samuel

Samuel was injured at the Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia on June 8, 1862.  Being an Artillery man was dangerous duty.  Not only was it dangerous to discharge your own guns, but Artillery lines were often the primary target of enemy Artillery guns.  Samuel was wounded by an exploding shell during the battle.  My 2nd Great Grand Uncle, Sergeant James A. Vaden, who served in the Manchester Light Artillery Battery, was killed from wounds sustained at the Battle of Cross Keys. 


Muster Roll showing Samuel was wounded at Cross Keys

Samuel's injury was extensive.  Although his wound was sustained in June of 1863, he was unable to return to duty until November of that year.  In October of 1863, Samuel was examined at the Confederate Medical Director's Office in Richmond, Virginia.  The exam took place on October 21, 1863. 


Roll showing Samuel's Medical Exam

Samuel must have been cleared to return to duty because he is listed as "Present" in the November 1, 1863 Muster Roll for his Regiment. 


Muster Roll showing Samuel's return to duty

Samuel was captured at the Battle of Spottsylvania Courthouse on May 12, 1864. 


Muster Roll showing Samuel was captured at Spottsylvania Courthouse

Following his capture, Samuel was sent to Fort Delaware Prison.


POW Roll showing Samuel's confinement to Fort Delaware

Samuel was exchanged on September 18, 1864.


POW Roll showing Samuel was exchanged on September 18, 1864

Samuel took an Amnesty Oath on April 15, 1865.   On the Register, he is listed as being 40 years old and a Farmer from Henrico County, Virginia.


Amnesty Oath for Samuel

Samuel Conway lived at least an additional 15 years following the Civil War.  No record of him can be found after the 1880 Federal Census.  No record of his burial is known at the time of this entry.   Several of Samuel's family members, including his son Samuel Conway, Jr. are buried in Richmond's Maury Cemetery.   It's quite possible that Samuel was also buried there.


Here's my relation to Samuel:

Samuel Conway (1824 - 1880)
is your 3rd great grandfather
Samuel Henry Conway Jr. (1868 - 1936)
Son of Samuel
Eunice Maud Conway (1895 - 1981)
Daughter of Samuel Henry
Robert William Lewis (1913 - 1990)
Son of Eunice Maud
Joyce Elaine Lewis (1948 - )
Daughter of Robert William
Chip Stokes
You are the son of Joyce


John William West, Jr. was born in Henrico County, Virginia on December 26, 1842.  He is my 1st cousin 4x removed.  Records indicate he preferred to go by his middle name.  William enlisted as a Private in the Courtney Henrico Artillery on July 15, 1862 at the age of 18. 


1st Muster for William

On April 3, 1862, William was detached from the Regiment on Special Service as a teamster for the Quartermaster Department.   He remained in this position for the duration of the war. 


Muster Roll showing William's detached service

William was responsible for driving a team of horses with the Supply Train Artillery near New Market, Virginia. 


Muster Roll showing William's service with Supply Train Artillery


John William West, Jr. lived an additional 61 years following the end of the Civil War.  He died in Albemarle County, Virginia on July 9, 1926 at the age of 83.  William is buried in the Piedmont Christian Church Cemetery in Albemarle County, Virginia. 



Grave of John William West, Jr.

Here's my relation to William:

John William West Jr. (1842 - 1926)
is your 1st cousin 4x removed
Temperance Conway (1820 - )
mother of John William West Jr.
Samuel Conway (1793 - 1857)
father of Temperance Conway
Samuel Conway (1824 - 1880)
son of Samuel Conway
Samuel Henry Conway Jr. (1868 - 1936)
son of Samuel Conway
Eunice Maud Conway (1895 - 1981)
daughter of Samuel Henry Conway Jr.
Robert William Lewis (Vaden) (1913 - 1990)
son of Eunice Maud Conway
Joyce Elaine Lewis (1948 - )
daughter of Robert William Lewis (Vaden)
Chip Stokes
You are the son of Joyce


Andrew Jackson Sneed

My 1st cousin 6x removed, Andrew Jackson Sneed, also served in the Courtney Henrico Artillery.  Andrew was born in Henrico County, Virginia on May 4, 1831.  Prior to his enlistment, Andrew was a Millwright by trade.  He enlisted in the Courtney Henrico Artillery on July 16, 1861 at the age of 30. 



1st Muster Roll for Andrew
In April of 1862, Andrew was promoted to Full Corporal.


Muster Roll showing Andrew's promotion to Full Corporal

The battle at Cedar Mountain, by Currier and Ives
He was wounded at the Battle of Slaughter Mountain (Cedar Mountain) on August 9, 1862.  The Union Army initially gained favor in the battle, however a daring rally by Stonewall Jackson inspired a Confederate Counterattack that turned the tide for the Confederate Army.   Casualties on the Union side numbered 2,353 (314 killed, 1,445 wounded, 594 missing), Confederate casualties numbered 1,338 (231 killed, 1,107 wounded, one of which was Corporal Andrew Jackson Sneed). 


Muster Roll showing Andrew's injury

His wound led to the amputation of his right leg.


Hospital Report regarding the amputation of Andrew's leg

The amputation of his left leg caused Andrew to be retired to the invalid corps and led to him being declared permanently disabled. 


Report showing amputation and retirement


Register showing Andrew's retirement to the Invalid Corps

On April 14, 1864 Andrew applied for an artificial limb.


Andrew's application for an artificial limb


On April 17, 1865 Andrew signed an Amnesty Oath with the Provost Marshall headquartered in Richmond, Virginia. 


Amnesty Oath for Andrew

Andrew Jackson Sneed lived an additional 51 years following the end of the Civil War.  Despite the loss of his leg, he returned to a career as a Millwright at a Grist Mill in Hanover County, Virginia.  Andrew died in Hanover County, Virginia on October 19, 1916 at the age of  85.   The location of his grave is not known at the time of this entry.

Here's my relation to Andrew:

Andrew Jackson Sneed (1831 - 1916)
is your 1st cousin 6x removed
Jacob Sneed (1775 - 1845)
Father of Andrew Jackson
Charles Sneed (1745 - 1841)
Father of Jacob
Judith Sneed (1772 - 1834)
Daughter of Charles
Josiah Blackburn (1790 - )
Son of Judith
Sarah Jane Blackburn (1831 - 1896)
Daughter of Josiah
Samuel Henry Conway Jr. (1868 - 1936)
Son of Sarah Jane
Eunice Maud Conway (1895 - 1981)
Daughter of Samuel Henry
Robert William Lewis (1913 - 1990)
Son of Eunice Maud
Joyce Elaine Lewis (1948 - )
Daughter of Robert William
Chip Stokes
You are the son of Joyce


James F. Blackburn was born in Henrico County, Virginia in 1840.   He is my 2nd cousin 5x removed.  James enlisted as a Private in the Courtney Henrico Artillery at the Baptist College in Richmond, Virginia on July 12, 1861.  He was 21 years old at the time of his enlistment.  Prior to enlisting, James was a farmer by trade.

1st Muster Roll for James


Originally, James enlisted for a 12 month period, however on December 31, 1861, his enlistment was extended for 2 years.  He was paid a bounty of $50.00 for his extending his enlistement. 

Muster Roll showing James' enlistment extension

James was absent without leave from February 9 - 19, 1863 and fortified pay for that time.

Muster Roll showing James was AWOL

He was captured by the Ringold Cavalry on July 20, 1863 and held as a prisoner of war.

Report of Rebel Prisoners

James was confined to the Military Prison in Wheeling (West) Virginia also known as Atheneum.  He is described as being 23 years old, having a florid complexion, 5'9", blue eyes and light hair.

Prisoner Description List for James

He was sent to the Provost Marshall in Richmond, Virginia where he signed the Oath of Allegiance on April 14, 1865 and was released from Union captivity.

Amnesty Oath for James

James survived the Civil War and died sometime after 1870.   The 1870 Federal Census is the last record I've been able to find for James.  His burial location is not known at the time of this entry.  His father, David Albert Blackburn served in the Virginia Local Defense Regiment that was assigned to protect the Confederate Capitol of Richmond. 

Here's my relation to James:

James F. Blackburn (1840 - )
is your 2nd cousin 4x removed
David Albert Blackburn (1817 - 1888)
Father of James F.
Absalom Blackburn (1784 - )
Father of David Albert
Absalom Blackburn (1766 - 1854)
Father of Absalom
Josiah Blackburn (1790 - 1857)
Son of Absalom
Sarah Jane Blackburn (1831 - 1896)
Daughter of Josiah
Samuel Henry Conway Jr. (1868 - 1936)
Son of Sarah Jane
Eunice Maud Conway (1895 - 1981)
Daughter of Samuel Henry
Robert William Lewis (1913 - 1990)
Son of Eunice Maud
Joyce Elaine Lewis (1948 - )
Daughter of Robert William
Chip Stokes
You are the son of Joyce


Two husbands of my cousins also served in the Courtney Henrico Artillery.  My 2nd cousin 4x removed, Letitia Blackburn married Bernard/Benjamin Theodore Franck.  Andrew Jackson Sneed's sister, my 1st cousin 6x removed, Milcena Sneed married William Tinsley.


Bernard/Benjamin Theodore Franck

Bernard/Benjamin Theodore Franck was born in Hanover, Germany on November 9, 1835.  By 1850, he had crossed the Atlantic and had relocated to Henrico County, Virginia.  Prior to the Civil War, he was a Carver and Builder by trade.  Franck enlisted in the Courtney Henrico Artillery on March 11, 1862.  He was 27 years old at the time of his enlistment. 


1st Muster Roll for Bernard/Benjamin

The description in his service record lists him as being 5 ft. 8½ in., fair complexion, brown eyes, auburn hair.
Franck was discharged by reason of disability on September 22, 1863.   His disability reason was states as "organic disease of the heart". 

Bernard/Benjamin's discharge

Bernard/Benjamin Theodore Franck lived an additional 30 years following the end of the Civil War.   He died in Henrico County, Virginia on September 17, 1895.   He was 59 years old.  He and his wife are both buried in Richmond's Historic Hollywood Cemetery.


Grave of Bernard T. Franck

Here's my relation to Bernard/Benjamin:

Bernard Theodore Franck (1835 - 1895)
relationship to you: husband of 2nd cousin 4x removed
Letitia Blackburn Franck (1836 - 1915)
Wife of Bernard Theodore
Absalom Blackburn (1811 - 1879)
Father of Letitia Blackburn
Absalom Blackburn (1784 - )
Father of Absalom
Absalom Blackburn (1766 - 1854)
Father of Absalom
Josiah Blackburn (1790 - )
Son of Absalom
Sarah Jane Blackburn (1831 - 1896)
Daughter of Josiah
Samuel Henry Conway Jr. (1868 - 1936)
Son of Sarah Jane
Eunice Maud Conway (1895 - 1981)
Daughter of Samuel Henry
Robert William Lewis (1913 - 1990)
Son of Eunice Maud
Joyce Elaine Lewis (1948 - )
Daughter of Robert William
Chip Stokes
You are the son of Joyce


William Tinsley was born about 1839 in Virginia.  He enlisted as a Private in the Courtney Henrico Artillery on February 19, 1862.  He was about 23 years old at the time of his enlistment. 
1st Muster Roll for William

In March and April of 1864, William was on detached service as a wagon guard for the Supply Train Artillery. 

Muster Rolls showing William's detached service with the Supply Train Artillery

He remained on detached service through February of 1865.

Muster Roll showing William's continued detached service

William Tinsley lived an additional 40 years following the end of the Civil War.   He died in Rock Spring, Virginia on May 2, 1905.  He was 66 years old.   His burial location is not known at the time of this entry.


Here's my relation to William:

William Tinsley (1839 - 1905)
relationship to you: husband of 1st cousin 6x removed
Milcena Sneed (1835 - )
Wife of William
Jacob Sneed (1775 - 1845)
Father of Milcena
Charles Sneed (1745 - 1841)
Father of Jacob
Judith Sneed (1772 - 1834)
Daughter of Charles
Josiah Blackburn (1790 - )
Son of Judith
Sarah Jane Blackburn (1831 - 1896)
Daughter of Josiah
Samuel Henry Conway Jr. (1868 - 1936)
Son of Sarah Jane
Eunice Maud Conway (1895 - 1981)
Daughter of Samuel Henry
Robert William Lewis (1913 - 1990)
Son of Eunice Maud
Joyce Elaine Lewis (1948 - )
Daughter of Robert William
Chip Stokes
You are the son of Joyce

Saber belonging to Private Gentry Williams of the Courtney Henrico Artillery


3 comments:

  1. Very cool.
    I believe I am related to you in some way as my 4 x GGrandfather was John Strong Sneed Sr. 1802-1874 of Halifax Co. VA. I haven't done much in the way of Sneed research yet but it's possible John S. was an older brother(or half brother) of Andrew J. Sneed.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. John Strong Sr. was indeed the half brother of Andrew Jackson Sneed. John Strong Sr's mother was Ann Overstreet (1768-1850 Nottoway, VA) Andrew Jackson's mother was Mary Franklin (1798-1880).

      All five of John Strong Sr's sons served in the Confederate Army:

      PVT Llewellen A. Sneed Captain Wright's VA Halifax Light Artillery
      PVT John Strong Sneed Company A, VA 53rd Infantry
      PVT Robert B. Sneed Company A, VA 53rd Infantry
      PVT Charles Henry Sneed Company K, VA 18th Infantry
      PVT Elisha B. Sneed Company K, VA 18th Infantry

      Another interesting fact about the Sneed's. I live in Raleigh, NC. There's a small cemetery about a mile from my house with three Sneed's and other members of their family. They're all descendants of Robert Sharp Sneed (1756-1846) who was my 6th Great Grand Uncle. Their father John Sneed (1790-1860) was born in Amelia, VA and relocated to Wake County, NC sometime before 1820.

      Delete
  2. I am the granddaughter of Bernard T. Franck, III. My grandfather was named after his uncle, Bernard T. Franck, II. I believe he was Leticia and Bernard's son.
    Great to read all this and see the photos.

    ReplyDelete