|Artist's sketch of the Washington Battery Guidon|
Captain Hart's Company of the South Carolina Horse Artillery went by many names during the Civil War. It was originally organized as the Washington Artillery Volunteers. It was also referred to as Hampton's Legion Artillery and Stuart's Horse Artillery. The group was most often referred to by the name of it's second Captain, James Franklin Hart.
|Cover Sheet for James Dyer's Service Record showing the many names of the Hart's Battery|
|James F. Hart|
On June 10, 1861 the Washington Artillery was presented with a "handsome guidon". This guidon was given to the regiments color bearer, Heinrich Louis Sherfesse. Sherfesse carried the guidon through 143 engagements during the Civil War. He also hid it under his jacket to prevent its capture when the battery surrendered at Bennett Place, Durham, North Carolina on April 26, 1865.
|Original Guidon for the Hart's Battery located in the Confederate Relic Room, SC Military Museum|
James B. Dyer was born in Franklin, Georgia in November of 1826. He married Millie Powell in Hart, Georgia on September 8, 1855. Sometime after 1860, James and his family relocated to Seneca, South Carolina. James enlisted as a Private in Captain Hart's Company, South Carolina Horse Artillery on May 15, 1863. He was 36 years old.
He would participate in the following engagements:
|June 9, 1863||Brandy Station, VA|
|June 17, 1863||Warrenton, VA|
|June 19, 1863||Middleburg, VA|
|June 21, 1863||Upperville, VA|
|June 30, 1863||Hanover, PA|
|July 2-3, 1863||Attached to III Corps, Gettysburg, PA|
|July 5, 1863||Williamsport, MD|
|August 1, 1863||Brandy Station, VA|
|Sept. 11 & 12, 1863||Raccoon Ford, VA|
|October, 1863||Jack's Shop, VA|
|October 9-22, 1863||Bristoe Campaign, VA|
|Nov. - Dec., 1863||Mine Run Campaign, VA|
|May 5-12, 1864||The Wilderness Campaign & Yellow Tavern, VA|
|May 8-21, 1864||Spotsylvania Court House, VA|
|May 28, 1864||Hawe's Shop, VA|
|June, 1864||Trevillian's Station|
|June 20, 1864||York River, VA|
|June 24, 1864||Samaria Church, VA|
|Jun 1864 - Apr 1865||Petersburg Seige, VA|
|September, 1864||McDowell's Farm, VA|
|October, 1864||Armstrong's Mill, VA|
|October 27, 1864||Burgess' Mill, VA|
|October 28, 1864||Hatcher's Run/Dinwiddie Road, VA|
|March 19-21, 1865||Bentonville, NC|
|Hart's Battery at Brandy Station, VA, June 9, 1863|
Canister is extremely brutal. It basically turns a cannon into a large shotgun. Appropriate canister range is approximately 200 yards.
|Tin casing and canister shot. (each shot is roughly the size of a plum)|
|Artist's sketch of canister shot enclosed in tin|
The canister shot caused severe carnage, but the Federal forces kept coming. Double canister was ordered. This too tore into the advancing Federals, but didn't stop them. Men were blown into oblivion to the left and right of the Union troops, yet they marched forward toward the battery. The men at the rear of the batteries defenses were now being overtaken by Federal troops. The men at the front, now turned their guns and started firing into the Federal troops. With the Cavalry arriving and the steadfastness of Hart's Battery, the Union forces were soon beaten back from their advancing positions.
All was not at ease. Confederate and Union Cavalry forces started appearing out of nowhere. Hart's battery would spend the remainder of the day punishing Union Cavalry troops with shot, shell and canister until they withdrew from what had become the largest Cavalry battle of the Civil War.
James B. Dyer was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina on May 1, 1865.
|Muster Roll showing James Dyer's parole|
Here's my relation to James:
James B. Dyer (1826 - 1905)
is your 2nd cousin 4x removed
Martin Dyer (1808 - 1872)
Father of James B.
Malvina Lavonia Wheeler (1760 - 1820)
Mother of Martin
William Wheeler (1725 - 1780)
Father of Malvina Lavonia
Benjamin Wheeler (1755 - 1830)
Son of William
Benjamin Franklin Wheeler (1803 - 1883)
Son of Benjamin
Christopher Columbus Wheeler (1842 - 1912)
Son of Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Elliott Wheeler (1883 - 1951)
Son of Christopher Columbus
Phebe Teresa Wheeler Lewis (1918 - 1977)
Daughter of Benjamin Elliott
Joyce Elaine Lewis (1948 - )
Daughter of Phebe Teresa
Chip StokesYou are the son of Joyce